Odniesienia do badań TEAM CBT i jej elementów

TEAM CBT nie jest inną szkołą CBT, a raczej strukturą stosowania metod CBT.
Badania porównujące odbywają się obecnie na Uniwersytecie Stanforda, ale poszczególne elementy (Testowanie, Empatia, Agenda – ocena oporu i motywacji, i Metody stosowane transdiagnostycznie) były badane:
Testowanie na każdej sesji:
Boswell, J.F., Kraus, D.R., Miller, S.D., Lambert, M.J. (2013). Implementing routine outcome monitoring in clinical practice: Benefits, challenges, and solutions. Psychotherapy Research, Pages 6-19 | Published online: 26 Jul 2013.
Persons, J.B. (2007). Psychotherapists collect data during routine clinical work that can contribute to knowledge about mechanisms of change in psychotherapy. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 14(3), 244-246.
Persons, J.B., Koerner, K., Eidelman, P., Thomas, C., & Liu, H. (2016). Increasing psychotherapists’ adoption and implementation of the evidence-based practice of progress monitoring. Behavior Research and Therapy, January (76), 24-31.
Solstad, A.M., Kleiven, G.S., Castonguay, L.G., & Moltu, C. (2020). Clinical dilemmas of routine outcome monitoring and clinical feedback: A qualitative study of patient experiences. Psychotherapy Research, 31(2), 200-210.


Barrett-Lennard, G. T. (1981). The empathy cycle: Refinement of a nuclear concept. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 28(2), 91–100.
Burns, D. D., & Nolen-Hoeksema, S. (1992). Therapeutic empathy and recovery from depression in cognitive-behavioral therapy: A structural equation model. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 60(3), 441 – 449.
Crits-Christoph, P., Gibbons, M.B.C., Hamilton, J., Ring-Kurtz, S., & Gallop, R. (2011). The dependability of alliance assessments: the alliance-outcome correlations is larger than you might think. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 79(3), 267-278.
Elliott, R., Bohart, A. C., Watson, J. C., & Greenberg, L. S. (2011). Empathy. Psychotherapy, 48(1), 43–49.
Howick J, Moscrop A, Mebius A, Fanshawe TR, Lewith G, Bishop FL, Mistiaen P, Roberts NW, Dieninytė E, Hu XY, Aveyard P, Onakpoya IJ. (2018). Effects of empathic and positive communication in healthcare consultations: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J R Soc Med. 111(7), 240-252.
Huppert, J.D., Kivity, Y., Barlow, H., Gorman, J.M., Shear, M.K., & Woods, S.W. (2014). Therapist effects and the outcome-alliance correlation in cognitive behavioral therapy for panic disorder with agoraphobia. Behavior Research and Therapy, January (52) 26-34.
Kurtz, R. R., & Grummon, D. L. (1972). Different approaches to the measurement of therapist empathy and their relationship to therapy outcomes. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 39(1), 106–115.
Zilcha-Mano, S., Muran, J.C., Hungr, C., Eubanks, C.F., Safran, J.D., & Winston, A. (2016). The relationship between alliance and outcome: Analysis of a two-person perspective on alliance and session outcome. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, June 84(6), 484-496.


Agenda – opór i motywacja:
Aviram, A., Westra, H.A., Constantino, M.J., & Antony, M.M. (2016, March 31) Responsive management of early resistance in cognitive-behavioral therapy for generalized anxiety disorder. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.
Burns, D., Westra, H., Trockel, M., & Fisher, A. (2013). Motivation and changes in depression. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 37, 368-379.
Pombo, S., Luísa Figueira, M., Walter, H., & Lesch, O. (2016). Motivational factors and negative affectivity as predictors of alcohol craving. Psychiatry Research, 243, 53-60.
Westra, H.A., Constantino, M.J., & Antony, M.M. (2016). Integrating motivational interviewing with cognitive-behavioral therapy for severe generalized anxiety disorder: an allegiance-controlled randomized clinical trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.
Westra, H. A., & Norouzian, N. (2018). Using motivational interviewing to manage process markers of ambivalence and resistance in cognitive behavioral therapy. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 42(2), 193–203.


Aaronson, C.J., Shear, M.K., Goetz, R.R., Allen, L.B., Barlow, D.H., White, K.S., Gorman, J.M. (2008). Predictors and time course of response among panic disorder patients treated with cognitive-behavioral therapy. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 69(3), 418-424.
Angelakis, I., Huggett, C., Gooding, P., Panagioti, M., & Hodkinson, A. (2022). Effectiveness of cognitive–behavioural therapies of varying complexity in reducing depression in adults: Systematic review and network meta-analysis. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 221(2), 459-467.
Boswell, J, F., Farchione, J., Sauer-Zavala, S., Murray, H.W., Fortune, M.R., & Barlow, D.H. (2013). Anxiety Sensitivity and Interoceptive Exposure: A Transdiagnostic Construct and Change Strategy. Behavior Therapy. 44(3), 417-431
Carpenter, J.K., Andrews, L.A., Witcraft, S.M., Powers, M.B., Smits, J.A., Hofmann, S.F. (2018). Cognitive behavioral therapy for anxiety and related disorders: A meta-analysis of randomized placebo-controlled trials. Journal of Depression and Anxiety, 35(6), 502-514.
Craske, M.G., Treanor, M., Conway, C.C., Zbozinek, T., Vervliet, B. (2014). Maximizing exposure therapy: An inhibitory learning approach. Behavior Research and Therapy, (58), 10-23.
Fang, A., Sawyer, A.T., Asnaani, A., & Hofmann, S. (2013). Social mishap exposures for social anxiety disorder: an important treatment ingredient. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 20(2), 213-220.
Lungu A, Jun JJ, Azarmanesh O, Leykin Y, Chen CE. (2020). Blended Care-Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Depression and Anxiety in Real-World Settings: Pragmatic Retrospective Study. J Med Internet Res; 22(7).
i wiele innych badań potwierdzających skuteczność typowych dla CBT metod.


Jest jeszcze jeden aspekt. Nawet jeżeli terapeuta stosuje najlepsze protokoły CBT, bez testowania przed i po każdej sesji, nie wiadomo, jak skutecznie je stosuje. Regularne testowanie, w tym ocena terapeuty i samego procesu terapii przez pacjenta po każdej sesji TEAM CBT jest w istocie terapią opartą na dowodach.